The aggregate the Romans used included pieces of rock, ceramic tiles, and bricks from older, demolished buildings

Verso very early style of Roman architecture, the “opus quadratum” dates back sicuro the time of the ancient Etruscans, before the beginning of the Roman Republic

Like any other concrete, Roman concrete consists of aggregate and mortar. A binder, such as gypsum, was used. What other type of binder was also used? Be careful, though. You don’t want preciso put this per your mojito!

After being mixed with tazza, the mortar, which consisted of gypsum or lime, would harden over time. Mediante some areas pozzolana, also called pit sand, was used.

It was common durante ancient times for prominent Romans sicuro construct tombs along the Appian Way. The original covering of the tomb durante the picture has been removed to spettacolo the bare concrete.

Placed at verso forty-five degree angle, the diamond-shaped bricks were normally made of tuff or tufa, which is a rock made from consolidated volcanic ash pushed out during verso volcanic eruption. “Opus” (term for a piece of art) and “reticulatum” (net-like), translates sicuro net-work; the design was named because the Romans believed the brickwork resembled verso net. This design was prevalent durante the first century BC.

Latin for “brickwork”, “opus latericium” was the design used during the imperial evo per Rome. Verso Roman architect, Vitruvius, used this term for structures that were built with unfired bricks.

The example of “opus reticulatum” sopra the picture comes from verso wall per the city of Pompeii, xmeeting which was destroyed by the eruption of Mt

Verso new Appian Way was constructed per 1784 that was parallel with the old one; now the older section of road that dates back puro Roman times is called the “Cammino Appia Antic”. The building is an example of a tomb, built along the old stretch of the road, which dates back puro ancient Rome.

Generally, this decorative pattern was used con the construction of pavement, but it was also used as per pattern on walls and as firebacks mediante hearths. This design was also used during the Middle Ages, as evidenced at Usk Castle in Wales, and into the Renaissance. Filippo Brunelleschi used this pattern mediante constructing the dome of the Cathedral of Florence.

Believed esatto be the world’s oldest spese mall, Trajan’s Market was constructed durante the Roman Forum sopra the 100s AD. The multi-level structure included shops, offices, and even a library! The herringbone pattern was used esatto pave the floor of the market.

One of the earliest Roman architectural styles, “opus incertum” first utilized irregularly-shaped rocks and careful placement sicuro make the concrete work aspetto as plain as possible. Later the amount of concrete used was reduced, and more uniform stones were selected. This made the exterior aspetto even plainer.

Mediante ancient times the Italian town of Terracina was strategically located for the defense of the city of Rome. The vertice of the city has per massive terrace, on which stood The Temple of Jupiter Anxur. Built during the first century BC, the temple was dedicated to Jupiter as per young man.

Also called “opus compositum”, “opus mixtum”, or “mixed sistema”, combines many different styles. A very popular method of brickwork used during the time of Emperor Hadrian, it usually mixes “opus reticulatum” and “opus latericium” or “opus vittatum” and “opus testaceum”.

The design in the picture is from the remains of verso Roman amphitheatre mediante Naples. Ampitheatres were oval-shaped and generally used for gladiator fights, executions, or animals fights.

“Opus sectile” was per technique used on floors or walls that employed the use of materials that were cut and inlaid. Commonly used materials included glass, marble and mother of pearl. The inlaid pieces used for “opus sectile” are much larger than the ones used for the technique called “tessellated mosaic”. Other civilizations, such as Egypt, also used this technique.

The design of the “opus sectile” was found on the floor of the Societa of Junius Bassus. Built on the Esquiline Hill, the chiesa is considered preciso be the source of some of the best examples of this type of rete informatica.

The “opus africanum” technique was also used per Carthaginian architecture, and is common sopra North Africa. It has also been found on buildings con Sicily and southern Italy.

Per the picture, the metroon, any building dedicated puro per mother goddess, was built for Cybele, who was known durante Rome as the “Magna Mater”. The Romans officially adopted her cult after much discussion during the Second Punic War, which was fought against Carthage in Africa. Cybele became Rome’s “Great Mother” until Christianity overtook the pagan religion.

At that time mortar was not used and the blocks were uneven. The Greeks altered the “Etruscan Way”, using stretchers, or long blocks and headers, which turned the blocks width-wise. Once the Romans invented concrete, walls durante this style were common.

Durante architecture, having a coffered dome, which is also called per lacunar ceiling, meant that it was made of sunken panels, done mediante some type of geometric shape. The panels in the Pantheon dome are square. This method was employed to try and lighten some of the weight that the dome had esatto carry, while keeping the integrity of the framework.

First commissioned during the reign of Augustus, and destroyed by fire mediante 80 AD, the Pantheon was rebuilt sopra 126 AD during the reign of Hadrian. As its name implies, the Tempio was built as per temple for all the gods. Since Roman times it has been used as verso Christian church as well as a tomb.

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